The Rocca, a 14th-century fortification, stands on one of the oldest inhabited areas of Bergamo, known as Sant’Eufemia hill. Its imposing keep is surrounded by one of the city’s most beautiful green spaces, Parco delle Rimembranze.
The first fortified centre on the hill of Sant’Eufemia goes back to the Celts (4th cen. BCE). However, construction on the building we see today began in 1331 by John of Luxembourg and was completed in 1336 under Azzone Visconti.
The start of the rule of the Republic of Venice in 1428 led to substantial changes to the fortress: the circular tower and the Scuola dei Bombardieri (now the Museo dell’Ottocento) were built.
The Rocca was no less important in the 19th and 20th centuries, as the Austrians and the Kingdom of Italy used it as a military garrison and prison.